What are Foot Orthotics?
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By definition, Foot Orthotics are shoe inserts that are designed to correct various foot disorders and to alleviate consequent foot pain. They perform functions that make standing, walking and running more comfortable and efficient by slightly altering the angles at which the foot strikes a walking or running surface.
Foot Orthotics Uses
Although foot orthotics are commonly referred as “arch supports”, they go far beyond that description. It should be noted that podiatrists prescribe orthotics to various foot issues following surgery as a means of control.
By design, Orthotics, take on various forms and are constructed of various materials. With that being said, they are all focused on improving foot function and minimizing stress forces that could ultimately cause foot deformity and pain. Your feet are the foundation of the body and when they are not properly aligned with the rest of your limbs, you may start feeling discomfort in your ankles, knees, legs, & back.
Foot Orthotics Categories
1.) Those designed to change or alter foot functions. They are rigid composed of a firm material such as plastic or carbon fiber. They are used for walking or dress shoes after the podiatrist casts a mold on an individual’s foot. They can improve strains, aches in the legs, thighs and lower back.
2.) Those designed that are protective. These are usually soft and cushy. They are designed to absorb shock, increase balance and take pressure of uncomfortable or sore spots. They are designed from a cast of the foot as well. They are also effective for diabetic, arthritic or deformed feet.
3.) Those that combine functional control and protection. These are semi-rigid and provide foot balance for walking or participating in sports. They are made up of layers of soft material, reinforced with more rigid materials. In children, they are used to treat flatfoot or in toeing or out toeing disorders.
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