Edema is swelling of the body’s tissues caused by excess fluid trapped in your body’s tissues. Although edema can affect any part of your body, it’s most commonly noticed in the feet, ankles,legs. arms and hands.
It may be the result of medication, pregnancy or an underlying disease ,often heart failure, kidney disease or cirrhosis of the liver. Swelling of the foot, ankle and leg can be severe enough to leave an indentation, or “pit,” when you press on the area. This swelling is the result of excess fluid in your tissues — often caused by congestive heart failure or blockage in a leg vein.
Medication to remove excess fluid and reducing the amount of salt in your food often relieves edema.
Signs and symptoms :
Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under your skin
Stretched or shiny skin
Skin that retains a dimple after being pressed for several seconds
Increased abdominal size
Edema occurs when tiny blood vessels in your body (capillaries) leak fluid. The fluid builds up in surrounding tissues, leading to swelling.
Mild cases of edema may result from:
- Sitting or staying in one position for too long
- Eating too much salty food
- Premenstrual signs and symptoms
Pregnancy If left untreated, edema may cause:
- Increasingly painful swelling
- Difficulty walking
- Stretched skin, which can become itchy and uncomfortable
- Increased risk of infection in the swollen area
- Scarring between layers of tissue
- Decreased blood circulation
- Decreased elasticity of arteries, veins, joints and muscles
- Increased risk of skin ulcers
If you are experiencing swelling in you feet, ankle, or legs or noticing a change in your feet you should seek medical care right away. Early care can help prevent the condition from worsening. Contact Podiatry Group of Georgia today to schedule your appointment or book you appointment online.